Research & innovation is essential for continuous development. Most of the developed countries in the world have invested extensively in research field. Not only Nations but each organization has its research & development wing, which bring innovation to their business & make them leader in their field. Doing research is quite expensive & time taking. Sometimes scientists could not find any fruitful from their research, but their continuous efforts make them ultimately successful in their research.
For research, research institute are established. Research institutes may specialize in basic research or may be oriented to applied research. Although the term often implies natural science research, there are also many research institutes in the social science as well, especially for sociological and historical research purposes.
There are research Institute in each of the country around the world, but if you see the most developed nation, they have more number of research institutes. I am listing here 20 best research institutes in world & 20 best research institutes in India.
20 best research institute in world
Max Planck Gesellschaft (Germany)
Smithsonian Institution (USA)
US Geological Survey (USA)
Here is the list of Top 20 research institute of India